A mystery that has not been solved for centuries.
Who built the nazca lines and why?
What made the Nazca Lines?
What is mystery of Nazca lines?
Nazca letters have been discovered in the Nazca Desert, south of Peru. It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1994 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The location of these lines is about 400 km south of Lima, the capital of Peru, between the cities of Nazca and Palpa on a rainy plateau of 80 km.
The number of these letters is not two, four, ten or twenty, but hundreds, and they are all different from each other. These include shapes of birds, spiders, monkeys, fish and lizards, as well as complex geometrical shapes.
Numerous ancient specimens of such shapes have been discovered and are being made in the world, but the delicate lines drawn on the ground by halving the reddish surface of the desert area are astonishing in the sense that these lines can not be understood while walking on the ground. Because they are so large in size that they can be seen either in flight or standing on the surrounding high mountains, but they look clearer than an airplane. They were first discovered in 1927 by Pro archaeologist Toribo Mejia during a mountaineering expedition here.
These lines do not just spread over two miles, it cover an area of 500 square kilometers. The largest of these shape stands at 890 feet. Among these, the image of a hummingbird is 310 feet, the image of a condo is 440 feet, the image of a monkey is 310 feet and the "picture" of a spider is spread over one and a half hundred feet and all these are safe till today due to the extremely dry weather of Nazca.
Experts estimate that these letters were created between the fourth and seventh centuries AD.
The question is, how could the people of that time had maintained the balance of shapes hundreds of years ago?
Did they have a way to rise in the air? Could they fly? Or were they too tall? All the images of these lines or letters that have come to light so far have been taken from space by satellite.
Are these images as meaningless as we see them?
Scholars in geology, sociology, and other sciences say that these lines can never be meaningless, so they all rate the purposes of these forms on their own.
Archaeologists, ethnographers and sociologists are constantly studying the ancient Nazca civilization in order to unravel the mysteries of these letters. One idea is also expressed that the delicate deities have created such massive shapes so that the "groups of gods" sitting in the heavens can easily see them. There are many signs of religious groups in history that are related to a religious belief.
The concept of amulets is found in almost all nations and religions of the world. It is a different matter that it is now disappearing. We read in history about many nations that had knowledge of magic and amulets. That is why some of these letters belong to the religious mysteries of the Nazca people.
They speculate that the letters dug into the ground are actually drains aimed at asking the gods for water or rain, a form of spiders, birds, trees and plants symbolizing fertility.
Astronomers associate these with astronomy. They say that these letters are in fact a kind of observatory through which the distant places on the horizon where the sun and other celestial bodies rise and set. They add that a number of works have been done on earth in different parts of the United States and elsewhere in the world to explain the divinity of the universe. Another example is Stonehenge in England. However, some well-known experts reject this hypothesis, saying that no argument supports this hypothesis.
Some scientists also call it irrigation schemes. They said that the people of Nazca had put up these signs to mark the ground water. Numerous wells have been discovered in Nazca that used to draw water from the depths of the earth.
Henry Sterlin, a Swiss historian, went so far as to say that these letters were in fact traces of the great looms that became the shrouds of embalmed men. They were made of cloth of great length and width. In other words, there had been textile mills here in the Nazca period. In proof of this, they present the embalmed corpses of the people of the Paracas civilization from the same area, who were shrouded in a special kind of woven cloth. However, this theory was not accepted, although it is certain that the The designs on the wrapped fabrics by which corpse are covered similar to these lines.
Only A Hobby:
Engraving is a centuries-old tradition that has been patronized by many nations throughout history.
There are many big historical stones in my village in the remote mountains on which if you want to write your name, you will not find even a small place on which you can write your name. There are hundreds of old names on these rocks whose names are no longer known to the villagers. Some are accompanied by old histories. All the names have been engraved with knives or other sharp objects and some designs have been made in many places by name. Obviously, if these were written for memoirs or heartfelt reassurances, then perhaps Nazca's letters were intended only for heartfelt reassurance, which has been important in this era.
The Feat of Aliens
Some even call it the work of Aliens. They say that when these pictures cannot be seen standing on the ground, how can it be made while standing on the ground. That too centuries ago. They believe that this part of the earth was once occupied by astronauts from the outside world and also built their own airport here. In some places in Nazca's letters, long lines like today's runways have been drawn. They say that thousands of years ago, when airplanes were not even imagined, then how could these pictures have been made? And why the need to build such a long, modern runway thousands of years ago? This means that they landed their spacecraft there.
How to make Pictures:
Determining how these lines would have been drawn, theoretical intellectuals have responded by saying that delicate people have used simple tools and straightforward survey tools for them. Archaeologists have found some sharp wooden pegs at the end of some of the letters, which reinforces their point. An expert named Joel Nickel also sketched the tools and equipment of the Nazca people. The National Geographic recognized these as close to the original letters and called it a remarkable work of Joe Nickel.
In addition, a scientist says that these images are made of hot air balloons.
People rejected this theory because there is no evidence of such bubbles in Nazca's history. It's not even easy to see the delicate lines from these balloons.
Historians, intellectuals, theologians, archaeologists, and scholars have been trying for years to unravel this complex knot. Maybe one day they will all agree on a single ideology and succeed in solving this dilemma.