It is a Quality of any miracle that the intellect is stunned to see it. There is no shortage of wonders in the world. One such wonder is in the South American country, Peru. These are the mysterious walls that have been wonderfully built. Looking at these walls made of square stones, it seems as if these walls were not built by any human being but with the help of giant machines. The mind is stunned to see the order in which the tons of stones are attached.
The high peaks in the southern plateau of the Peru, the valleys of the high mountains and the valleys of the Indus Mountains provide an environment in which the world's greatest civilizations are born. In this region, the Cusco Valley is the site from which the greatest civilization and most organized empire of ancient America, the Inca, came into being. The first king of this empire took his title. Later all the inhabitants of the kingdom came to be called it.
The Inca people who settled in the valley in 1250 had the status of a small tribal state compared to the various states in their neighborhood. This remained their condition till 1438. Then, when Pachacuteq became their king, he embarked on a campaign to conquer different territories. As a result of this adventure, within thirty years, the borders of the empire expanded to include much of Bolivia or one of the most Large area and many parts of Chilee and Argentina were included. His people conquered most of South America by 1533. With the rise of the Inca Empire, the population of Cusco grew rapidly, reaching 300,000. The capital of this great empire was Cusco, now a city in southern Peru.
Life of Inca
Their civilization and science and art were far ahead of all the ancient American civilizations of the time. They had devised his own system of politics and economy. According to which the king was not only the ruler of the country but also the religious leader of the people. These people were Priests of the sun. All means of production were in the hands of the government and the state was bound to meet the basic needs of the people. In addition to their court, there were administrative and religious centers. They developed agriculture. Built roads, bridges and reservoirs. They excelled in pottery, metalworking and textiles.
After 1532, when Francisco and the Spanish invaders deceived and captured Atahualpa, the empire fell like nothing. By 1569, his entire empire came under Spanish rule.
There were two main reasons for the Spanish invasion: the search for gold and the preaching of Christianity. So the Spaniards, in search of gold, destroyed their marvelous buildings and wiped out the whole nation, but they left behind a marvelous building that still amazes mankind.
The Sacsayhuaman Fortress, built at an altitude of 3700 meters above sea level, two kilometers from the city of Cusco, still attracts people today. The amazing structure of this fort is truly a mystery. Archaeologists and historians are still amazed. Who built this fort, when and how?.
The Sacsayhuaman Fortress is a collection of sculptural megalithic walls made up of large, three-dimensional or jigsaw puzzle-like multilayered blocks of stone. And these blocks are joined together so well and so skillfully that not a single knife can pass between them. How these blocks were joined together without any mud or clay. It is a mystery that was buried with this empire.
There is no other example of such walls in the history of the world. Even the pyramids of Egypt and the buildings of the Maya civilization have no precedent for this type of construction. In these walls built by that nation, the stones are joined together in such a way that there is not even the slightest gap between them. As a result, despite the passage of five hundred years, grass has not been able to grow between these rocks, nor have these rocks moved even slightly from their place.
Work of Magic
It is a credit to a skill that seems inhumane because these walls were erected at a time when construction machines did not even exist and all the work was done by hand or such simple machines were used. Which were run with the help of hands and human power. It is a testament to the skill that continues to amaze architects today.
There are no marks on these walls. That is, even if they were made with the help of some kind of map, the traces of these maps were later erased with the same skill that today we are having a hard time knowing that these rocks are intertwined. What is the strategy for connecting and sorting them one by one?
According to archaeologist Graham Hancock, one of the stones in the walls is 29 feet long and weighs a maximum of 360 tons, which is equivalent to a bus carrying about 500 passengers, not even on the base of the stone wall. Yes, and not only that, the granite blocks that were cut from the mountains are several miles away. How were the blocks of these walls cut down? It is still a mystery that the stones are cut and then joined in such a way that not even a single piece of paper can be placed between them, let alone a knife.
Historians are still wondering what was the virtue that led them to rule such a large area because no such extraordinary thing was seen in their society. People lived here in a very organized way. They had plenty of land and plenty of food. Large cities, forts, irrigation systems and roads were built here. It is amazing to have these things in a society where people did not know how to write or how to trade money, even if they did not know how to use a wheel. Traditional science and archeological research show that neither they nor the Maya and other South American civilizations have any idea about the invention of the wheel. After all, these people must have moved so many tons of rocks without a ride.
The date of construction of this fort has not been determined. Some scholars say that it is 1508 years old, i.e, while according to some, its antiquity is more than three thousand years. There are many theories about these constructions, some say that they were made by magic, some tell the hand of space creatures in their construction, some tell the story of loading stones on the trunks of trees. But to this day no one has been able to tell with full confidence how this fort was finally built. This is a question that has puzzled archaeologists and architects alike.
The construction of this fort used stones weighing from three tons (3,000 kg) to 300 tons. Traditional historians estimate that 20,000 to 30,000 people worked day and night to build the walls, and it took an estimated 60 years to build.
Archaeologists are still struggling to gather enough evidence before reaching the final conclusions about the location of the rocks. The rocks may have been cut and placed on large cobblestones to move the wood forward.
For the fitting of the blocks, the method was adopted that after laying the rocks in the base below, the rocks would have been fixed exactly in the space left above and large beams would have been used around it to balance it. ۔
Some experts date the construction of these walls to around 1508, while the great historian Garcilaso de la Vega was born in the area where these walls are today. He was born in 1530, about 22 years later, but he writes that these walls were built before his birth in an age when no one survived and no one knew then. When were they built? This is a wonderful thing. "These walls can be considered a wonder," he wrote in his document. The amount of raw materials, human labor and construction skills required to build these walls is unparalleled in terms of the humans of the time, how these Indians cut the rocks in such a way that they looked like bricks. On top of the other, it should be added that today, despite the passage of many centuries, their proportions and fittings have not diminished in the slightest. The only thought that comes to mind in this regard is that these Indians built the supernatural forces. Would have been used to make it possible because it is certain that they believed in magic and there were a lot of people among them at that time who were very bad at the art of magic and the power of magic. They were able to do anything.
Temple or Fortress?
Sacsayhuaman generally looks like a fortress, but modern research suggests it may have been a temple dedicated to the sun-god. Built on three slopes, the fort can be divided into four parts, the wall, the tower, the inner labyrinth and the royal throne.
(1) Rampart is a very impressive part which consists of large rocks and limestone walls. In this section, a total of 60 walls stand on a 25 degree angle slope. In front of these is an open field, Chuquipampa. The largest rock in the first wall weighs 70 tons and is brought from a mine called Sisicancha, about three kilometers away. Between these walls there are a total of ten gates, which are also named, among them the famous Rumipunco, Tiupunku, Achuanpunku and Viracocha Punku.
(2) The tower is located on the mound of Sacsayhuaman to in three different sizes, the most important of which is the Muyucmarca Tower with round foundations and underground waterways. According to historian Garcillaso, the tower was covered with gold plates and has a tunnel under it. The other towers are Pucamarca and Sallaqmarca.
(3) Part of their throne (Rodadero) is located in front of the mound of the fort. This part is made up of volcanic rocks, where the stone stairs lead to a high place. This is the throne of the Incas civilization.
(4)Labyrinths, located behind the royal throne. This part is called Chincanas, these are actually underground half-curved tunnels, which were also used to carry underground water.
These mysterious walls were built by people about whom history is still unable to give details. Oddly enough, of the generations of laborers who took part in completing this construction, the rest of the people did not even remember how this construction was completed and what forces their forefathers used to perform this miracle. Showed up
In their native language, Quechua, sacsahuaman means Satisfied Falcon, and Kozko means center or center.
This word indicates why this tribe worked so hard to build these walls. They thought that this place was the center of the world. While the center of the world is the most suitable place where the earthly gods reside and where the gods live, this place should also be seen separately. The Inca tribes considered themselves the chosen ones of these deities because these deities specifically informed them of the knowledge of the center of the world. They wanted to build a magnificent temple here to please the gods.
These walls actually point to the compound where his tribesmen wanted to build a temple and adjoining buildings.
There is no evidence that they built the buildings or not. Probably never would have been possible because if these buildings had been built, their remains would have been there. Historians are also silent about this because the people of their tribe could not carry out their plan.
At a distance of one furlong from Cusco are the remains of a temple on a hill which the locals call the Temple of the Moon God. The presence of this temple on the top of the mountain is still an invaluable knot for archaeologists and architects. Because carrying huge boulders to the top and then placing them on top of each other after carving, seems unbelievable to people who didn't have iron or any such metal tools. However, there are many other things that are very interesting about this temple.
When the moon is seen standing at the foot of a hill at night, the moon rests on the temple wall as if it has been placed here with great care, and the moon travels on the wall all night as if it were walking. For seeing this, Crowds of tourists camp at the foot of the hill on the 14th night to enjoy the view and enjoy the moonlit walk all night long.